Even the most casual wine drinker knows the names of the two great Burgundy
wines – Pinot Noir
, the dry, red wine, and Chardonnay
, the white wine. Other popular grapes are Gamay (red), Aligote (white) and Pinot Blanc (white).
Made in the Burgundy
region in eastern France in the valleys and slopes west of the Saône River, a tributary of the Rhône, Burgundy wine goes back to medieval times when monasteries played a key role in developing the Burgundy wine industry. Vineyards were later sold off piece by piece after the French Revolution. Because of its volatile climate and more than 400 types of soil, Burgundy
vintages are geographically focused and can vary considerably.
is the most northerly of Burgundy's regions, known for dry white wines.
The Côte de Nuits
is home of the great red Burgundy
wines. Some white wine is produced as well, but the reds are the region's calling card.
The Côte de Beaune
is home of the greatest white Burgundies other than Chablis
, although it’s known for both red and white wines.
The Côte Chalonnaise
produces some extremely fine red and white wines but doesn’t have the name recognition of other Burgundy
is the southern limit of Burgundy, where wines tend to be less expensive and are often made for drinking young.